The first part of the large intestine is the cecum, a pouch on the right side into which the ileum empties. Attached to the cecum is the vermiform appendix, about 7.5 to 10.4 cm (3 to 4 in) long. The ascending colon extends from the cecum upward to the undersurface of the liver, where it turns left (hepatic flexure) and becomes the transverse colon, which continues toward the spleen and turns downward (splenic flexure) to become the descending colon. At the level of the pelvic brim, the descending colon turns inward in the shape of the letter S and is then called the sigmoid colon. The rectum, about 10.2 to 12.7 cm (4 to 5 in) long, is the straight part that continues downward; the last 2.5 cm (1 in) is called the anal canal, which surrounds the anus.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
The part of the intestine that extends from the end of theILEUMto theANUS. It starts in the lower right corner of the abdomen with the caecum, from which theAPPENDIXprotrudes, proceeds as the ascendingCOLONto the upper right corner, loops across to the upper left corner as the transverse colon then descends to the lower left corner as the descending colon. The intestine then swings down and centrally as the sigmoid colon and continues as the rectum and the anal canal. The main function of the colon is to reabsorb water from the bowel contents. The rectum is a temporary store for faeces.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
the lower part of the gut, consisting of caecum, appendix, colon and rectum, and leading to the anus.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
The portion of the digestive tube extending from the ileocecal valve to the anus; it comprises the cecum, colon, rectum, and anal canal.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
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